Curs Ajax

Pentru a apela o functie Ajax cand pagina e inchisa, aplicati evenimentul beforeunload la obiectul "window", care sa apeleze functia ajax cand evenimentul este emis.
- Cererea ajax trebuie facuta in mod sincron (synchronous).
<script>
// sends data to a php file, via POST, when page is closed
function pageClosed() {
 var request = (window.XMLHttpRequest) ? new XMLHttpRequest() : new ActiveXObject('Microsoft.XMLHTTP'); // XMLHttpRequest object
 var data ='name=val'; //data with name and value to send to your_script.php
 request.open('post', 'your_script.php', false); //false - to make synchronous request

 request.setRequestHeader('Content-type', 'application/x-www-form-urlencoded');
 request.send(data); //sends data

 console.log(data); //for debug to see if code is executed
 return true;
}

//register event emited when page is closed, it calls the pageClosed() function
window.addEventListener('beforeunload', pageClosed);
</script>
- In scriptul php apelat de Ajax se adauga functia ignore_user_abort(true);. Permite rularea scriptului php si dupa ce fereastra browser-ului este inchisa.

Inregistrare timp petrecut de utilizatori pe site

Iata o aplicatie practica a codului dat mai sus.
Urmatorul script inregistreaza intr-un fisier pe server timpul petrecut de utilizatori pe site (in format json). Aici se inregistreaza utilizatorul dupa IP.

1. Adaugati urmatorul script ajax in paginile din site:
<script>
var start_time = Math.floor(Date.now() /1000);

// sends to php the number of seconds the user spend on time
function pageClosed() {
 var request = (window.XMLHttpRequest) ? new XMLHttpRequest() : new ActiveXObject('Microsoft.XMLHTTP'); // XMLHttpRequest object
 var data ='tms='+(Math.floor(Date.now() /1000) - start_time); //data to send to reg_time.php
 request.open('post', 'reg_time.php', false); //false - to make synchronous request

 request.setRequestHeader('Content-type', 'application/x-www-form-urlencoded');
 request.send(data); //sends data

 console.log(data); //for debug to see if code is executed
 return true;
}

//register event emited when page is closed, it calls the pageClosed() function
window.addEventListener('beforeunload', pageClosed);
</script>
2. Adaugati urmatorul cod intr-un fisier php: "reg_time.php".
<?php
ignore_user_abort(true);

if(isset($_POST['tms'])){
 $tms = intval($_POST['tms']);
 $user = $_SERVER['REMOTE_ADDR']; //here we use the ip
 $file ='reg_time.json';
 $f_data =[];

 //add the $user and $tms in json format in $file
 if(!file_exists($file)){
 $f_data[$user] = $tms;
 } else {
 $f_data = json_decode(file_get_contents($file), true);
 if(isset($f_data[$user])) $f_data[$user] = $f_data[$user]+ $tms;
 else $f_data[$user] = $tms;
 }

 file_put_contents($file, json_encode($f_data));
}
3. Urmatorul cod php poate fi utilizat pentru a citi si afisa datele inregistrate in "reg_time.json":
<?php
$file ='reg_time.json';
$f_data =[];

if(file_exists($file)) $f_data = json_decode(file_get_contents($file), true);

foreach($f_data as $k=>$v){
 echo '<br>'. $k.' = '.$v.' seconds';
}

Un Test simplu in fiecare zi

HTML
CSS
JavaScript
PHP-MySQL
Engleza
Spaniola
Ce tag adauga imagine in pagina web?
<div> <img> <span>
<img src="http://coursesweb.net/imgs/webcourses.gif" width="191" height="63" alt="Courses-Web" />
Care din aceste coduri CSS afiseaza textul inclinat?
font-style: italic; text-decoration: underline; font-weight: 500;
#id {
  font-style: italic;
}
Clic pe functia jQuery care ascunde animat un element HTML.
click() hide() show()
$(document).ready(function() {
  $(".a_class").click(function(){ $(this).hide("slow"); });
});
Clic pe functia definita corect in PHP.
fname function() {} function fname() {} function $fname() {};
function fname($a, $b) {
  echo $a * $b;
}
Indicati forma pentru Prezent Perfect Continuu a verbului "to walk" (a merge).
have walked have been walking be walking
I have been walking for 5 hours.
- Merg pe jos de 5 ore.
Indicati Trecutul Nedefinit pentru verbul "ser" (a fi) la forma Yo.
será sería fui
Yo fui entrenador.
- Am fost antrenor.
Apelare functie Ajax la inchidere pagina

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