Curs Ajax

Acest tutorial explica cu exemple de cod cum se poate prelua in PHP un sir JSON transmis cu Ajax din JavaScript.
Se poate folosi unul din urmatoarele doua variante:

Folosind php://input stream

- Documentatie despre PHP I/O streams
In acest caz obiectul JSON e trimis ca sir la php prin ajax cu Content-type application/json.
- Exemplu.
In JavaScript:
<script>
var data ={s1:'marplo.net', s2:'gamv.eu', y:2020};

//jsn_str = json string
function ajaxF(jsn_str) {
 var request = (window.XMLHttpRequest) ? new XMLHttpRequest() : new ActiveXObject('Microsoft.XMLHTTP'); // XMLHttpRequest object

 request.open('POST', 'test.php', true); // set the request

 //sends data as json
 request.setRequestHeader('Content-type', 'application/json');
 request.send(jsn_str);

 // Check request status
 // If the response is received completely, alert response
 request.onreadystatechange =()=>{
 if(request.readyState ==4){
 alert(request.responseText); // marplo.net
 }
 }
}

//converts data object in json string and sends it to php
let jsn = JSON.stringify(data);
ajaxF(jsn);
</script>
In PHP (test.php):
$arr = json_decode(file_get_contents('php://input'), true);
echo $arr['s1'];
exit;

Adaugare sir JSON in variabila $_POST

In acest caz sirul JSON e atasat la un nume (aici "jsn"), si trimis prin ajax cu POST si Content-type application/x-www-form-urlencoded.
- Exemplu.
In JavaScript:
<script>
var data ={s1:'marplo.net', s2:'gamv.eu', y:2020};

//jsn_str = json string
function ajaxF(jsn_str) {
 var request = (window.XMLHttpRequest) ? new XMLHttpRequest() : new ActiveXObject('Microsoft.XMLHTTP'); // XMLHttpRequest object

 request.open('POST', 'test.php', true); // set the request

 //sends data
 request.setRequestHeader('Content-type', 'application/x-www-form-urlencoded');
 request.send('jsn='+jsn_str);

 // Check request status
 // If the response is received completely, alert response
 request.onreadystatechange =()=>{
 if(request.readyState ==4){
 alert(request.responseText); // gamv.eu
 }
 }
}

//converts data object in json string and sends it to php
let jsn = JSON.stringify(data);
ajaxF(jsn);
</script>
In PHP (test.php):
$arr = isset($_POST['jsn']) ? json_decode($_POST['jsn'], true) :['s2'=>'default'];
echo $arr['s2'];
exit;

Un Test simplu in fiecare zi

HTML
CSS
JavaScript
PHP-MySQL
Engleza
Spaniola
Care tag e folosit pentru a adauga liste cu definitii in element <dl>?
<dt> <dd> <li>
<dl>
 <dt>HTML</dt>
  <dd> - Hyper Text Markup Language</dd>
  <dd> - Limbaj de cod pentru pagini web</dd>
</dl>
Care proprietate CSS poate sa ascunda un element in pagina, lasand spatiu gol in locul lui?
display position visibility
#id {
  visibility: hidden;
}
Indicati evenimentul declansat cand se apasa clic pe un obiect in pagina.
onclick onmouseover onfocus
document.getElementById("id").onclick = function(){
  alert("http://www.MarPlo.net/");
}
Indicati variabila PHP ce contine datele din $_GET, $_POST si $_COOKIE.
$_SESSION $_GET $_REQUEST
if(isset($_REQUEST["id"])) {
  echo $_REQUEST["id"];
}
Care din urmatoarele cuvinte reprezinta un Verb?
lighting believe path
I believe in my path.
- Eu cred in calea mea.
Care din urmatoarele cuvinte reprezinta un Verb?
creer camino iluminaciĆ³n
creer = a crede; camino = cale /drum; iluminaciĆ³n = iluminare
Preluare sir JSON in PHP de la JavaScript

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